SCO Visual Tcl Reference Guide
Chapter 1, Tcl - tool command language

Command procedures

Command procedures

These procedures are provided in the Tcl library:

auto_execok cmd
Determines whether there is an executable file by the name cmd. This command examines the directories in the current search path (given by the PATH environment variable) to see if there is an executable file named cmd in any of those directories. If so, it returns 1; if not it returns 0. auto_exec remembers information about previous searches in an array named auto_execs; this avoids the path search in future calls for the same cmd. The command auto_reset may be used to force auto_execok to forget its cached information. 

auto_load cmd
This command attempts to load the definition for a Tcl command named cmd. To do this, it searches an auto-load path, which is a list of one or more directories. The auto-load path is given by the global variable $auto_path if it exists. If there is no $auto_path variable, then the TCLLIBPATH environment variable is used, if it exists. Otherwise the auto-load path consists of just the Tcl library directory. Within each directory in the auto-load path there must be a file tclIndex that describes one or more commands defined in that directory and a script to evaluate which loads each of the commands. The tclIndex file should be generated with the auto_mkindex command. If cmd is found in an index file, then the appropriate script is evaluated to create the command. The auto_load command returns 1 if cmd was successfully created. The command returns 0 if there was no index entry for cmd or if the script did not actually define cmd (because, for example, index information is out of date). If an error occurs while processing the script, then that error is returned. auto_load only reads the index information once and saves it in the array auto_index; future calls to auto_load check for cmd in the array rather than re-reading the index files. The cached index information may be deleted with the command auto_reset. This will force the next auto_load command to reload the index database from disk.

auto_mkindex dir pattern pattern ...
Generates an index suitable for use by auto_load. The command searches dir for all files whose names match any of the pattern arguments (matching is done with the glob command), generates an index of all the Tcl command procedures defined in all the matching files, and stores the index information in a file named tclIndex in dir. For example, the command:

auto_mkindex foo .tcl

will read all the .tcl files in subdirectory foo and generate a new index file foo/tclIndex.

auto_mkindex parses the Tcl scripts in a relatively unsophisticated way: if any line contains the word ``proc'' as its first characters then it is assumed to be a procedure definition and the next word of the line is taken as the procedure's name. Procedure definitions that do not appear in this way (if, for example, they have spaces before the ``proc'') will not be indexed.

Destroys all the information cached by auto_execok and auto_load. This information will be re-read from disk the next time it is needed. auto_reset also deletes any procedures listed in the auto-load index, so that fresh copies of them will be loaded the next time that they're used.

parray arrayName
Prints on standard output the names and values of all the elements in the array arrayName. arrayName must be an array accessible to the caller of parray. It may be either local or global.

unknown cmd [arg arg ...]
This procedure is invoked automatically by the Tcl interpreter whenever the name of a command does not exist. The unknown procedure receives as its arguments the name and arguments of the missing command. unknown first calls auto_load to load the command. If this succeeds, then it executes the original command with its original arguments. If the auto-load fails then unknown calls auto_execok to see if there is an executable file by the name cmd. If so, it invokes the Tcl exec command with cmd and all the args as arguments. If cmd cannot be auto-executed, unknown checks to see if the command was invoked at top-level and outside of any script. If so, then unknown takes takes two additional steps. Firstly, it sees if cmd has one of the following three forms: !!, !event, or ^old^new?^?. If so, then unknown carries out history substitution in the same way that csh(C) would for these constructs. Secondly, unknown checks to see if cmd is a unique abbreviation for an existing Tcl command. If so, it expands the command name and executes the command with the original arguments. If neither of the above efforts has been able to execute the command, unknown generates an error return. If the global variable auto_noload is defined, then the auto-load step is skipped. If the global variable auto_noexec is defined then the auto-exec step is skipped. Under normal circumstances the return value from unknown is the return value from the command that was eventually executed.